Most people have problems in the neck, shoulders, lumbar region, even hips and legs. Jaw pain on one side (or both) must be taken and treated as seriously as any other painful joint. A professional physiotherapist can help relieving jaw pain, which often occurs due to overload of the chewing muscles.
Trigger point therapy successfully eliminates both, local and transmitted pain. Did you know that trigger point therapy in combination with Tecar therapy or laser is effective in relieving jaw pain on one side (or both)? Read more in the blog.
Pain in the jaw or TMJ joint is not uncommon
Pain in the jaw, just like any other injury pain like bursitis or tendinitis, is no exception.
The TMJ is one of the most stressed joints in the body due to speaking, chewing and yawning. Pain in the jaw (lat. Temporomandibular joint or TMJ for short) usually occurs due to incorrect movement of the joint itself. When a jaw joint clicks, cracks, hardens or is painful, people face a joint disorder. Headaches that occur in the temple area can also be caused by a TMJ.
Did you know that the jaw joint opens an average of 1800 times a day?
Disorders of the TMJ can consequently cause muscle disorders around one or both joints in the jaw. It can be myofascial pain (muscle damage) or inflammatory joint disease. This refers to a degenerative arthritic condition and joint irregularities, such as disc dislocation and injuries. One can feel pain in the TMJ itself, jaw muscles, ears, nose, shadows, neck and even eyes.
What are the main factors that trigger problems in the jaw?
Bruxism is a technical term, but ordinary mortals will find it easier to understand the translation of gnashing of teeth. The night creaking is especially noteworthy, as a huge force is applied to the teeth and jaw joints at that time. Not only does it cause tooth wear, severe squeezing also leads to joint inflammation, muscle cramps, joint disc movement, and even improper tooth placement.
Injuries due to accidents, falls, contacts during sports, complications during surgical procedures. Such injuries can lead to serious problems with the jaw joint, such as jaw dislocation, ligament damage, nerve damage, head and neck muscle damage.
Displaced or dislocated articular disc
A displaced or dislocated articular disc can prevent smooth movements of the lower jaw when opening the mouth. This is when cracking, crunching and pain appear.
Missing teeth or improperly grown tooth can cause stress on the jaw muscles due to a misaligned dental arch. Of course, this can result in compression of the nerves and other structures that are part of the jaw. In the long run, improperly placed teeth or missing teeth lead to reduced jaw opening and improper bite.
Infections and connective tissue diseases
Infections and connective tissue diseases occur due to pathological changes at birth or bone deformities. Other diseases can develop gradually through life, such as Parkinson’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis, Huntington’s disease…
Improper body posture, have you ever thought about that? When we talk about proper posture, we mean aligning the head (ear) with the line of the shoulder, pelvis, hip, knee and ankle. Any deviation, be it a bulging posture or an overly flattened spine, causes the lower jaw to move further forward or backward.
How we treat jaw pain on one side (or both)?
Therapy depends on the individual. A consultation with a dentist or maxillofacial surgeon is required first, and only then with a physiotherapist.
How does a physiotherapist approach an examination?
An examination of the jaw movements should be done to see if it moves symmetrically or not. Palpation of the joints reveals any cracking, creaking, skipping. Also, some jaw muscles are extremely tense.
A good diagnosis is needed
A good diagnosis is needed to determine whether it will be necessary to perform trigger point therapy to relax the soft tissue, mobilize the joint, activate loose and inactive facial muscles.
Trigger point therapy is extremely effective in relieving jaw pain on one side
Myofascial trigger point therapy is a type of manual technique where physiotherapists eliminate pain at specific points in the muscle. At the place where the trigger points are, there is a blockage of blood flow and collection of toxins, muscle contraction and excessive irritation of the nerves.
Trigger point therapy stimulates the most painful points in the muscle with special manual techniques and thereby release it. Trigger point therapy, unlike other therapies, is slightly painful but extremely effective.
If you have persistent pain or hypersensitivity in the jaw joint and even reduced mouth opening, seek professional help. This will help you with a detailed review and targeted physical therapy, to prevent further damage to the TMJ.