This time, your back pain is on the agenda. More specifically, the spine in theory. This decision was made because many of you are not from the medical profession. Therefore it is logical that you do not understand some of the terms. Or maybe back pain has bothered you for years now and you don’t know what to name the issue?
Back pain, whether is it in the neck, chest or lumbar region, can be a real nuisance. In a consolation to anyone, you are certainly not the only one who is tormented by this kind of pain.
Back pain occurs in as many as a quarter of people, usually between the ages of 30 and 50. What is more, it certainly increases with age. Acute back pain is almost 90% self-healing. The remaining percentage is pain that lasts longer than 3 months and usually turns into chronic.
Where to get help – back pain issues?
Every person will seek medical help in case of severe pain and inability to move normally. The doctor is the first and only one who will make a proper diagnosis. You might also get a referral to see a physiotherapist.
Do you understand your diagnosis?
Sometimes it happens that doctors don’t explain certain medical conditions to you simple enough. What is more, they only write you Latin words that a normal person doesn’t understand. Therefore you find yourself in a mess and you’re worried about what’s wrong with your spine.
Before you can ask your doctor everything or before Uncle Google announces your death in about an hour, read this blog. After that you can briefly read what the most common Latin terms for spinal cord injury and disease mean on your report.
Back pain – 7 most common reasons for it
Discus hernia (back pain)
What does the intervertebral disc allow us to do? Can you imagine squeezing a croissant filled with chocolate? The chocolate spreads and squeezes out of the croissant.
The function of the disc is to dampen vibrations and properly transfer weight to the spine. It also allows the drive movement between the vertebrae. The discs create space on the sides between the individual vertebrae, allowing the nerve roots to exit the spinal cord all the way to the upper and lower extremities.
Herniated disc is accompanied by extremely severe pain in the spine.
The injuries of the damaged discs can be divided into:
- protrusion (the core of the disk slips into the connective ring, but the disk does not crack)
- prolapse (the disc penetrates almost the entire connective ring, the outer fibers barely retain the nucleus)
- extrusion (the connective ring breaks and the nucleus slides into the epidural space or spinal canal)
- sequestration (part of the disk isn’t even in contact with the core, so we are talking about a free fragment or sequestration)
Many times someone asks us: “L4 – L5 bothers you? “. What on earth would that mean?
The explanation is simple: L = lumbar spine, and 4 and 5 mean the affected area between the fourth and fifth vertebrae. You still remember from elementary school. The human has 7 cervical (cervical vertebrae), 12 thoracic (thoracic vertebrae), 5 lumbar (lumbar vertebrae) and 5 sacral (sacral vertebrae) forming a triangular bone that is attached to the pelvis.
Spondylosis means osteoarthritis of the spine. In this type of disease, the intervertebral disc becomes thinner. Furthermore, this is resulting in a reduction in the space between individual vertebrae and the formation of bone growths or osteophytes along the sides of the vertebrae.
Bone stratification form osteophytes which compress the nerve root and causes radicular pain. Radicular pain means that the pain radiates to those parts of the body that the constricted nerve innervates.
In fact, it is more or less pronounced in almost all people over the age of 45. This type of disease is considered a normal part of the aging process.
In spondylosis, it is important to keep the muscles (especially the stabilizers) active. This doesn’t apply to initial, acute phase, where a short rest is necessary.
The pain in the spine occurs when the posterior, upper part of the vertebra (arch) is injured. Otherwise, the bones themselves don’t move but there is a weakening of the stability between the vertebrae. We know different types of spondylolysis, which differ in terms of occurrence (acquired at birth, sports injury, due to aging or traumatic nature).
Spondylolisthesis is an advanced condition of spondylolysis. When the vertebrae slip (forward, backward or sideways), it can also be palpated in individuals.
Vertebral slippage is usually not even noticed by people. Later, changes such as low back pain, tingling, burning sensation appear. Most often, back pain occurs when we want to bend back.
Wear of the spine not only leads to narrowing of the nerves but can also narrow the spinal canal through which the spinal cord passes. People who suffer from this type of degenerative change in the spine find it harder to perform daily activities.
There are several possible causes of spinal stenosis. It can be caused by herniated disc, bone growths, tumors, thickened ligaments, postoperative inflammation and swelling…
Spinal stenosis can also result in paralysis and incontinence.
There is no back pain during rest (while sitting and lying). When standing or walking, burning pain and numbness appear in the lumbar region, buttocks and legs. Leg failure is also possible.
Scoliosis – spine “bending” and back pain
In short – means the curvature of the spine. It affects structures such as bones, muscles, ligaments. In extreme cases, lung and heart function can also be compromised.
We distinguish two types of scoliosis:
- FUNCTIONAL or non-structural scoliosis: this type is caused by a temporary disorder in the back muscles that maintain a normal posture. It may also occur due to unequal length of the limbs, irritation of the nerve roots, etc.
This means it causes poor posture, muscle spasm and uneven leg length. Functional scoliosis is not a deformity of the bone and can be corrected by intentional muscle stretching or proper exercise. Usually in the supine position scoliosis disappears.
- STRUCTURAL scoliosis: this type of scoliosis occurs due to a congenital disorder in the development of the vertebrae or other disease processes. It is present in all positions of the body and it is difficult or impossible to eliminate it with deliberate movements.
Structural scoliosis is further divided into subgroups:
– Congenital – a consequence of congenital deformity of the spine
– Idiopathic – (infantile, juvenile and adolescent)
How can scoliosis be treated?
I know that some of you run away when you hear the word “exercise”. But only exercises are those who will keep you spine healthy on the long run.
Establishing the correct posture through asymmetrical strengthening of specific muscles and simultaneous stretching and breathing is important for your independent daily pain-free. Have you already tried an AntiGravity Fitness workout on hammocks called AntiGravity Hammock?
Different orthosis (corsets) can also be used for posture correction. Let’s not forget the last option – surgical treatment.
Brachialgia or cervicobrachialgia
Do you feel tingling in your hands? Feel numbness or pain in your hands? Swelling may also occur in the neck, shoulders and arms. All this is caused by cervicobrachialgia.
It describes a set of simtomov cervical spine and upper limb, which has no known cause.
Otherwise, the muscles in the neck are often to blame for the neck pain. Muscles can be overstrained due to poor posture or because they protect the unstable spine. By maintaining the posture muscles harden and constrict the nerve.
Thickening of the muscle can be felt. Pressing on muscle “knots” can cause local pain or trigger a feeling of transmitted pain in the arms, shoulder blades, or head. Manual therapy, which is performed on these points, is called trigger point therapy.
Relaxation of specific muscles and activation of deep neck stabilizers are a recipe for re-smooth function of the neck muscles.
Strong back and abdominal muscles, which are strengthened with appropriate physical activity, support the spine and prevent pain. Still, don’t forget to stretch your muscles.
Let’s activate our body and not let the pain overwhelm you.